is criticism kindly meant
that has a goal of improving some area of another’s person’s life or work.
Often constructive criticism refers specifically to the critique of someone else’s written or artistic work, in perhaps a teacher/student setting, that would allow that person to further improve the work
or to improve their approach to future endeavors.
...The trouble with constructive criticism is that not all people are receptive to it. They may either feel their self-esteem shrinking under criticism, or they may feel that all criticism is negative. This can destroy the intent of constructive criticism.
Further, not all people who think they are employing constructive criticism are actually being helpful.
They may think all criticism is helpful
and may not spare the person any details
or couch the criticism in ways least likely to make a person defensive.
Communication is loaded with multiple intentions, especially in a parent/child or spousal relationships. Thus people may not know how to actually employ a critique of one aspect of a person
without involving their own feelings or frustration that make a critique negative.
Generally, constructive criticism should address an area that needs improving but does not speak to the person’s self.
Constructive criticism should be a reasoned, unemotional response in an effort to teach.
A similar approach is taken between a therapist and a client. The therapist usually resists direct criticism
but helps the client find ways to talk about behaviors and solve problems. This kind of relationship bases its approach on the theory that the therapist best serves the client by helping them identify and resolve problems and issues,
instead of pointing out the issues and presenting a solution to the client.
In teacher/student relationships, constructive criticism tends to be far more helpful than a blunt critique of a student’s defects.
Questions on a paper and also praise in some areas can make constructive criticism easier to receive. Although, some students do jump to the point and want to immediately know what they did wrong.
Some teachers provide very helpful guidelines prior to a student writing a paper or essay. Telling the student ahead of time that the paper must have five paragraphs, a clear thesis statement, a conclusion, etc, often eliminates problems before they occur. If a student has then not fulfilled the requirements of the essay, help can be given in the areas where the student’s performance is weak.